Breast augmentation and augmentation mammoplasty are plastic surgery terms for breast-implant and fat-graft mammoplasty methods used to increase size, change shape, or alter texture of female breasts.
In terms of reconstruction, augmentation can be for post mastectomy breast reconstruction, repairing the chest wound due to removal of a cancerous breast. It can also be done in order to correct congenital defects of the breast(s) or chest wall.
As an elective cosmetic surgery, primary augmentation changes the aesthetic, size, shape, and texture, of healthy breasts.
Surgical implantation affects global augmentation of the breast hemisphere using implants. Implants can be filled with saline-solution or silicone-gel. Surgical augmentation can include transplanted autologous skin flaps harvested from the body. Fat-graft transfer augments size and corrects contour defects with grafts of autologous adipocyte fat tissue, drawn from the body.